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After breakfast we began our tour of Trondheim, Norway’s third largest city, which was founded by the Viking King Olav Tryggvason back in 997 A.D. Trondheim’s architecture and surroundings create a beautiful, almost mystical atmosphere for any outing.
The city was originally given the name by Olav Tryggvason. It was for a long time called Nidaros (English: Mouth of the river Nid), or Niðaróss in the Old Norse spelling. But it was also just called kaupangr ("city") in the district Trøndelag. In the Dano-Norwegian period, during the years as a provincial town in the united kingdoms of Denmark-Norway, the city name was spelled Trondhjem.
We heard about the city’s many features as the bus took us through Trondheim’s streets and boroughs, including a short stop at Utsikten (The View) to admire the city from above. From here we departed to the main stop on our tour, Nidaros Cathedral.
Nidaros Cathedral is a Church of Norway located in the city of Trondheim in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. The Nidaros Cathedral, as we know it today, began as a wooden chapel erected over the tomb of St. Olav, the Viking King who became the patron saint of Norway.
It was built from 1070 to 1300, and designated as the cathedral for the Diocese of Nidaros in 1152. After the Protestant Reformation, it was taken from the Roman Catholics by the Lutheran Church in 1537. It is the northernmost medieval cathedral in the world.
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